Showing posts with label Model. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Model. Show all posts

Thursday, December 7, 2017

Model Train Layouts - Choosing a Theme For Your Model Railroad

Model Train Layouts - Choosing a Theme For Your Model Railroad

In the model train hobby, a lot of what you'll do will flow from the theme that you've chosen for your model railroad. From scenery to rolling stock, from track to power supplis, everything will depend on your theme.

When it comes right down to it, theme is all about what you want to do.

Choosing a theme is all about:

an era
a setting
an operating style

Model Train Eras:

There are three main eras for model trains: steam, modern, and transition.

1. The Steam Era covers everything from the Wild West (1870s) up to World War II (1940s), but for most people the steam era pretty much covers the 1930s to 1940s. The visual appeal and nostalgic elements of intricate models of steam engines pulling a train of rail cars are tough to beat.

2. The Modern Era generally means today's trains, although it could conceivably cover anything from the 1960s to today. The modern era can cover everything from ultramodern diesels pulling intermodal trains to commuter trains and everything in between, but for most people a modern era train layout will show locomotives, rolling stock, buildings, and scenery that you would expect to see on the rails today.

3. The Transition Era is that peroid between the 1940s and 1950s when both steam and diesel locomotives travelled the rails as steam was being phased out and diesel was being phased in. The transition era is best for modelers who want to run both steam and diesel engines on the same tracks true to prototype--in short, modelers who want the best of both worlds.

While you're considering your choice of era, you may want to factor in the availability of material for the different eras at the hobby and online retailers. There tends to be much more modern-day rolling stock and model kits available to the consumer than steam-era, and often at much lower prices as well. Even train sets, which can be a great source of lower-cost locomotives and rolling stock are usually modern-era. Even the second-hand market, such as ebay and flea markets, tends to have a lot more modern-era items available.

You will also want to consider how much of a model-railroad purist you want to be. Although many model railroaders start out being happy to mix elements of many different eras, such as blending steam-era locomotives with the diesels of today, many people in the hobby tend to become more purist as they grow in skills and enthusiasm. Call it "prototype fever"--modelers who catch it end up becoming more and more interested in modeling a particular era to the exclusion of others. They find that their 1930s-era logging railroad just doesn't look right with a 21st-century diesel locomotive running on its tracks. So, if you end up with a layout that isn't set in the era that you want, then you'll have to pull out and replace the items that don't fit, which will cost you both time and money.

Model Train Setting:
After you've chosen an era, you can start looking at the setting for your layout. With the Steam era, you can choose from a wide range of setting including, for example, the Rockies with lots of mountains and trees. Or you could choose the Prairies with lots of wide-open spaces broken up only by tiny farm towns. Or, there's the Midwest with its bigger cities and heavy industry. Or you can choose the Coast with small fishing towns and big ports. The settings are pretty limitless--and universal. Although the regions I've listed are more suited to North American railroads, the same types of regions exist pretty much anywhere in the world that rails have been laid.

Now, while you may want to try something pretty unique for a layout, keep cost and availability in mind. Narrow gauge layouts, for example, while stunning to look at and operate, demand a lot of time, effort, and money to set up. More mainstream settings are cheaper and easier to model for beginners. When you're starting out and learning the hobby, avoid spending too much money if you don't have to.

Operating Style:

The most important factor in choosing your layout theme is your operating style.

By operating style, I mean the aspects of the hobby that you really enjoy the most. If you really enjoy scenery construction, then your model railroad should give you lots of opportunities to show off your scenery. On the other hand, if you really enjoy coupling together trains and switching, then you should really look at a yard module, with lots of track, rolling stock, and switches. And if you enjoy operating your model railroad the same way that a real railroad would operate, and playing with items like schedules and "fast clocks," then you should look at putting in lots of model industries, sidings, and destinations for your trains.

Now, I have talked about cost in choosing an era and a setting for your layout, but I'm going to suggest that you give cost less priority when it comes to operating style. Your operating style is the reason why you're in the hobby. Plaster's cheaper than track, but scenery heavy modeling may not have the same appeal to someone who is really interested in setting up and operating a railroad yard. And if you're not going to enjoy a particular operating style--then why do it?

Hobbies are supposed to be fun. Yes, watch your budget when you're starting out but at the same time make sure that the reason that you got into model trains in the first place is also your guide for choosing the theme of your model train layout.

Now, once you've considered the era, setting, and operating style you want, you have pretty much narrowed down the theme and you can move on to more detailed planning. Keep working on your theme and refining it until you have a good vision of what you want your model railroad to be.

RJ Andron is a filmmaker and web designer, and has been involved in the model train hobby for over thirty years.

Friday, November 17, 2017

Model Railroad Layouts - There Are at Least 3 Basic Layout Styles

Model Railroad Layouts - There Are at Least 3 Basic Layout Styles

Most people don't have a clue about how much room a really good model railroad layout takes. So don't go out and buy a whole bunch of stuff only to find out that it won't fit in the space you have.  Start by researching the line that you wish to model,  Then sit down and draw up a basic sale drawing of your layout.  I know this can be tedious, but if you skimp here it will bite you in the end. It really pays to know just how much room you have, and buy trains sized appropriately.  With that word of caution, the next thing you need to decide is what type of layout you plan to build. There are basically three types of model railroad layouts: the modular layout, the permanent layouts and the multi-level layouts.

The Modular Layout

Many people today build modular layouts that become a part of an much bigger layout. Usually at a large railroad club site. The modules are constructed to strict standards to ensure that they fit together properly.  They are usually built to be 2 feet wide but of varying lengths. There are standards to ensure that the many modules built by different people or groups can be connected together. At the 2008 N Scale National Convention a layout of over 500 modules was set up. If you are interested in this type of layout, here are sites that contain some of the module standards sites:, and 

The Permanent Layouts

As I mentioned earlier in this article space planning is critical and never more so than in a permanent layout.  If you don't choose the appropriate scale to start with, it will make a big difference in your long term satisfaction or dissatisfaction with your project.  Many permanent model railroad layouts were built on plywood tables measuring 4x8 feet or larger. The problem with this layout size is that it is extremely difficult to reach the center of the layout and correct and malfunctions that will occur.  You should always consider how you will reach the most remote point of your layout.

The Around the Walls Layout

More modelers today are building narrower model railroad layouts that lie against the walls of a room. These usually consist of two foot wide layouts that follow along the walls of the room with an occasional layout including an island that project into the room.  Again make sure you can reach all elements of your layout.  A common variation on the around-the-walls layouts includes a two-foot shelf above a larger layout table. This allows the trains to move between levels using either a helix or a vertical spiral track.

If you're just beginning the plan for the construction of a permanent layout complete with trees, hills, cities, and roads, there are many things to consider.  One of these is the construction of a good solid base for your layout. This is as important as the foundation of your home.  You can find additional information about this important topic by going to

Robert P. Steele has been researching the model railroad industry to locate sources of valuable information to help both the beginner and intermediate model railroad enthusiast. Find out more information by visiting his website at

Friday, November 10, 2017

How to Set Up Model Train Layouts

How to Set Up Model Train Layouts

The world's most popular hobby with thousands of collectors and hobbyists, modeling railroad trains and the entire layout demands skills. Yet to be able to see the lovely landscape and the products of labor, it is such a fulfilling experience for the hardcore train model hobbyist.

With this hobby of modeling railroad trains, there are a lot of options in layout, train products, accessories, and details to work on. And with the advancement in the layout of model trains, the scales and range of products have also increased.
The following are the guidelines that you must consider in setting up the model train layout. Novice collectors and even extreme hobbyists can acquire important tips in making their train layout a one-of-a-kind one.

The first thing that you have to keep in mind is the budget involved since there are a lot of potential railroaders that have been discouraged to pursue the model train hobby upon learning of the money involved. If you are one of these people, then you might want to consider scaling down the project that you find ideal.

You may also like to explore other opportunities in having a budget-friendly model train layouting activity like befriending experts and networking to get some ideas on smart modeling as well as to get discounts and trading or bartering accessories with one another. A number of opportunities in trading are available online so start doing your research online and learn how to utilize the one you have.

In composing a model train layout, make sure that your carriages and locomotives will suite and go well with your rail. You must put extra effort in creating a layout that's interesting since an interesting layout often serves as an attraction and this will surely make a great impression.

Some of the detailed things you should consider in working your model train layout include infrastructures, establishments, buildings, mountains, or hills that you are planning to use. Take note to have them in their proper sizes to make it proportionate to the passing locomotive.

Make a specific layout and era fixed in your mind and use specific things based on that era you thought of, don't try to mix the old ones with the modern to come up with a credible setting for the layout.

A tip about tunnels, be sure that it is the right size so the locomotive can pass through it. Plus, if you intend to make it more real, then you can paint the interior with black to make the inside appear darker.

Lastly if you can ask for some help from your friends who are experienced in this kind of hobby, they may have some fresh ideas that can be very helpful to you and some advice to maintain your locomotive in its top performance.

Bear in mind that these are only some of the whole lot of tips that you can follow when making the layout. Feel free to explore.

Find out more about Model Train Layouts by checking on Model Trains Info.

Saturday, November 4, 2017

Lend Your Model Railroad Layouts Some Authenticity

Lend Your Model Railroad Layouts Some Authenticity
Getting the best out of your railroad models is the goal for even the amateur ones. There are a few simple tricks with which you can make your model railroad layouts look fabulous. One simple way is to use flat black on all of the interior surfaces. This includes the inner walls, the floor and ceiling. This gives them a sense of depth as well as mysteriousness. For any mountains in your landscape, use dark colors of black or brown for a better effect.

If your railway track is black then you will need to de-emphasize the O-gauge that is often the third middle trail. Use the darkest possible ballast for this. Try and make your grade crossings look as real as possible. Some simple ways to do this would be to use thin black foam or even plastic strips. One trick is to take a tongue depressor and paint it the desired color and use that. This gives your railroad layout a more real look.

Use signals that work at crossing. Crossing flashers and those with a drop arm combination work really well. Using as real as possible devices is the best. It works really well when it comes to impressing kids who come to take a look. Invest in a few tunnel portals. Placing these before the entrance of the tunnel can work wonders. Giving it a white washed or weathered look adds to authenticity.

Use real looking vehicles around your railway road. Blackwash the grills and hubcaps of all the cars and trucks. This makes them look much more dynamic and real. If you have the patience, take the car apart and put in some dolls to work as people.

One thing you never see on railroad layout models is people. Use as many people as you can as this adds to the bustle of the scene and creates an air of authenticity. Making the buildings around looks as natural as possible with lights in them as well is what will add to the overall ambiance and this increase its authenticity.

Custom Train Layout creating Model Train Layouts and MTH layouts on 4x8 platforms. CustomTrainLayouts, a professional model railroad builder, brings to you a complete Model Railway Layouts platform, with some features you can select.

Beginning On Your Model Railway Layouts

Beginning On Your Model Railway Layouts
A model railway layouts hobby is a fantastic and really absorbing one. It is a pastime that can bring members of the family together to work on something. Many people are keen on developing a model train layout in their homes but more often than not are unsure where to begin.

Here is how you can go about the first of your model train layouts. What you need to begin with is decide on the scale of the train that you are interested in using. There are several of these to choose from and you have to do this after careful thought. The N Gauge train with a 1:160 scale is a popular one but be forewarned that they are quite small. The one problem with this size is that it is difficult to detail your models and environment because they are so small. But if you have a space constraint then this is the best scale to choose.

If you have the space to create an outdoor model railway layout, then you should go in for large trains on a O or G scale. These trains are larger at around 1:24 or 1:48 respectively. If you have detailing like a garden for these trains to pass through, then they are the perfect size. The most popular in this range is the HO scale of 1:87. The space they require is not much and the detailing and accessories you need are much easier to work on. You will love coming home to them.

Settle on a theme for your model railway layouts. Its the best way to get started. You could go in for the Wild West or futuristic city theme. Of if you have it in you, you could try and replicate your own town. Anyway you look at it there are several themes that you can choose from.

And finally the most important thing is to track each of your placements in terms of buildings and tracks down on paper. This way you will not make too many mistakes on your model.

Custom Train Layout creating Model Railway Layouts and MTH layouts on 4x8 platforms. CustomTrainLayouts, a professional model railroad builder, brings to you a complete Model Railways platform, with some features you can select.

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Thursday, August 24, 2017

Model Railroad Layouts and Landscaping

Model Railroad Layouts and Landscaping

Any model railroad layout that you choose to use for your model railroad will be incomplete without landscapes and miniature land areas where the rails of the trains are located and constructed. Typically the landscape of your model railroad should represent the area of the rail line you intend to model. For example, you would not want to use flat terrain if you are modeling a railroad that operates primarily in mountainous areas. The avid model train enthusiast is very particular about the landscapes exhibited in their model train layout since the landscapes or the background commonly solicit as much or more attention than the actual rolling stock.

The landscapes of model railroad layouts are usually representative of small communities or industrial areas that are served by rail. They typically include small homes, buildings and other landmarks representative of the area that the rail serves. In addition, areas that the train passes through on the way to and from it's destination such as, country landscapes, green pastures and mountains are also depicted. This creates a realistic effect for your model train. Don't forget to include people. You would be surprised at how much more realistic your layout will be by including appropriately scale figures of people and animals. One more piece of advise, thoroughly research the particular rail road that you want to model, not only to find out which engines and rolling stock they typically use, but also to find out about the areas that they operate in.

It's not that hard to make landscapes for your model train. You have the freedom to choose what land forms, scenery's and landmarks you will include to make your model train much more fascinating and more attractive. The satisfaction you get from hearing the comments from bystanders and people, who love watching your model train operate and run around the tracks, is unsurpassed.

While model railroad layouts can sometimes be very large and expensive to build, careful selection of the expanse of your model layout, and using the appropriate scale of operating equipment, can greatly reduce your overall expenditure on landscaping or creating scenery for your model railroad layout. One great source that I found for advise is "Model Railroading For Beginners". Go to for more information.

Robert P. Steele has been researching the model railroad industry to locate sources of valuable information to help both the beginner and intermediate model railroad enthusiast. Find out more information by visiting his website at

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Wednesday, August 9, 2017

Understanding the Application Service Provider Model

Understanding the Application Service Provider Model

ASPs have constantly been around us in some shape. The demand for them mainly originates when the total lifetime cost of a service is excessively high. You can conceive of it like electricity generation. We all demand electricity for our common activities and can also buy generators to satisfy our own demands. But such big generators are expensive and purchasing fuel for them turns out be yet more pricey, if we compare the prices with traditional electrical energy bills. That's because the fixed costs get divided amongst hundreds of buyers and get nominal at last.

This likewise happens on the internet, where businesses invest a lot of money to build up computer software and then provide a package to possible buyers. This is done largely on a per user basis or on a monthly basis. In several instances, it can be a combination of both, like on-demand computer software designers charge a specific fee per x number of users per month. And time has merely viewed the thriving increase of such ASPs as their demand continues climbing.

Let's take a look at some of the popular features of an application service provider to visualize why this industry is springing up with time. Firstly, they manage the basic investment and purchase all the devices from high-tech servers to desktop computers. Then, they commit yet more to make the software package and clear it of all bugs. These software system also demand maintenance and superintendence at all times, which involves the presence of skillful labor. The ASPs attend to this end as well and employ PHP programmers, web designers, help desk people and more. Then comes the issue of occasional updates to remain abreast of the modern exploitations in the technology industry and to see to any laws if they apply. All these matters result in big expenses and these costs are divided amongst clients. In several examples, the product is offered free followed by advertisements. E-mail is an example of such a free offering, where developers like Yahoo and Google let us make a free email account and finance it with adverts.

Mohsin Khan is a writer for DistantJob, an IT Provider. You can hire PHP developer or other qualified Asian staff if you want to create your customized software.

Saturday, July 29, 2017

Choose The Best Ecommerce Delivery Model

Choose The Best Ecommerce Delivery Model
As the present online business shows an upward tendency, it is evident that the eCommerce grows in its importance with each passing day. The concept is subjected to immense changes as the time progresses and it reflects on the eCommerce solutions too, it shows a fast paced inclination. The common people are slowly adopting and enjoying the new life style of buying and selling online and searching and analyzing for the products and it has become so customary for each of them. This reinforces our faith in the growing eCommerce business.
Fortunately, many good things happen to the eCommerce business with the awful growth of the technologies. It is all apparent from developing to launching an eCommerce website. The business organizations and entrepreneurs can utilize the services of many delivery models to develop their eCommerce websites. The buy model, the build model, the platform model, and the SaaS model are these known delivery models that the entrepreneurs can make the most of. All of these delivery models have its own way of functioning and it gives accurate services to the entrepreneurs who look for to utilize them according to their prerequisite. One can make the most out of it.
The buy delivery model is the one that enables an entrepreneur to purchase the licensed eCommerce software. As the model is a licensed version, they are feature rich and moreover well tested and professional. However, sometimes this model do not help you with your requirements as it has integrated pre-built tools which probably not of our use and what we look for may be not there. Also, it is quite expensive. Though it has many virtues to boast of, these factors make an entrepreneur to think twice before coming to a decision.
The build model, as the name suggest, help the customers to build the eCommerce applications according to their requirement instead of putting up with all the features the buy delivery model offer to the them. The integration of this model with the existing CRM and ERM applications is comparatively an easy job. However, it is expensive and requires highly skilled professionals to deal with this model and takes a longer marketing time.
Another popular eCommerce model is platform model which comes in between the above two. The open source platform let the customer to customize the software to build their own platform. However you need skilled professionals to deal with this open-source platform because creating own personal platform is not a childs play! Also it allows the convenience of easy integration of the existing applications.
Probably the SaaS model is the most famous among these delivery models as it provides a lot of goodness to the consumers. The customer gets this software which fits with all their IT requirements and the up-gradation of the software will be done periodically by the service provider. The investment expenses plummet here as the software is hosted in the vendors server and they take care of all the issues that are deal with IT services and up-gradation.
An entrepreneur who look forward to create and market the eCommerce business should know the pros and cons of these delivery models and what ultimately going to help their business.

You can find out a simple to follow, step by step eCommerce Solutions to build up your own website for profit.

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Friday, July 28, 2017

The Lego Master Model Builder

The Lego Master Model Builder
Every LEGOLAND Discovery Center has its own Master Model Builder. Theyre in charge of all the LEGO models built on site and some people would say they have the best job in the world!

Our Master Model Builder is Daniel Morey, and you can read all about him in his interview below.

Daniel also writes a blog about LEGO building right here on the LEGOLAND Discovery Center site! Its always an interesting read, and if you have a good question for him, or an idea for his next blog, maybe hell write his next one about you!

Favorite Food:

Non-LEGO Hobbies:
Wakeboarding and barefoot waterskiing.

How did you get a job as the LEGO Master Model Builder?:
I got my job as a Master Model Builder by winning a build-off competition where I had only one hour to build anything I wanted out of LEGO. I built a McDonalds Happy Meal.

What is the best thing about your job?:
The best thing about my job is passing on my knowledge and love of LEGO to the next generation of builders.

What is the best LEGO model you have ever built?:
My best LEGO model is still in progress. I'm building Harry Caray, famous announcer and icon of the Chicago Cubs.

What is the longest time you have spent building a LEGO model?:
When I am given a large project, I sometimes spend 8-10 hours a day building in my office. The longest I've spent so far was about 60 hours designing and building two tombstones for Halloween.

Did you build all of the models at the LEGOLAND Discovery Center in Chicago?:
I did not build all of the models here, but my Mom tells everyone I did! Everything in Miniland was built at LEGOLAND California and shipped over. Everything else was built in the Czech Republic. Although I have made some small additions, most of the credit goes to the teams in California and Europe.

Being a Master Model Builder must be the best job in the World! But if you could have any other job, what would you do and why?:
Being a Master Model Builder is an amazing job, but if I wasn't this lucky to have it, I'd want to be a carpenter. I spent many years working as a carpenter before I got my dream job, and if I couldn't build with LEGO, I'd still want to keep building and designing in another medium.

Do you have a college degree?:
No, I was lucky to have a great job right out of High School, but if I hadn't, I would have tried for a degree in Architecture.

Got a question of your own?
If you have any questions for the Master Model Builder, or if you would like to ask him for helpful hints on building your LEGO models, send him an email at

Experience an extra dimension of entertainment in our LEGO Studios 4D cinema and, you can also spend thanksgiving in schaumburg, most of all, discover new things to do in Chicago!

The Optimum Pricing Model

The Optimum Pricing Model

Profit analysis.
• Microeconomic theory suggests that as output increases, the marginal cost (MC) per unit might rise (due to the low of diminishing returns) and whenever the firm is faced with a downward sloping demand curve, the marginal revenue (MR) per unit will decline.
• Eventually, a level of output will be reached where the extra cost of marking one extra unit of output is greater than the extra revenue obtained from its sale. It would then be unprofitable to make and sell that extra unit.
• Profits will continue to be maximized only up to the output level where (mc) has risen to be exactly equal to MR.
• Profit are maximized at the point where MC = MR, at a volume of Qn units.
• If we add a demand or average revenue curve to the graph we can see that an output level of qn, the sales price per unit would be pn.

Deriving demand curve
• When there is a linear relationship between demand and price, the equation for the demand curve is
P = a - BQ / Q

p = the price
Q = the quantity demanded
A = the price at which demand would be nil
B = the amount by which the price changes for each stepped change in demand

Q = the stepped change in demand

A=(current price)+(current quantity at current price/charge in quantity when price in charged by$ )X$ B
The demand function above shows how price (P) varies with quentity (Q).Alternatively you can always rearrange the equation to show how the quantity sold varies with the price chargeed.

Optimum pricing in practice .

The approach of optimal pricing with its prediction of a single predictable equilibrium price is important in economics. However in practice organizations rarely use the technique. The problems in applying optimal pricing occur for the following reasons.
• It assumes that the demand curve and total costs can be identified with certainty. This is unlikely to be so.
• It ignores the market research costs associated with acquiring knowledge of demand.
• It assumes the firm has no productive constraint which could mean that the equilibrium point between supply and demand cannot be reached.
• It assumes that the organization wishes to maximize profits. In fact it may have other objectives.
• It assumes that price is the only influence on quantity demanded . we have seen that this is for from the case.